The Big Six of Literacy: a guide for families
Research has shown that there are six key components that contribute to successful beginning reading. Because of the importance of these components, they have become known as the 'Big Six’: oral language, phonological awareness, phonics, vocabulary, fluency and comprehension. In the early years of schooling, literacy lessons will incorporate the Big Six.
Learn about the importance of oral language.
Understand phonological awareness and how it contributes to reading success.
Find out more about phonics.
Understand how vocabulary contributes to reading success.
Find out more about fluency.
Discover strategies to help with comprehension at home.
Anderson R, Hiebert E, Scott J and Wilkinson L (1985) Becoming a nation of readers: The Report of the Commission on Reading, US Department of Education
Hayes DP and Ahrens MG (1988) ‘Vocabulary simplification for children: A special case of “motherese?”’ Journal of Child Language, 15: 395–410